Koi or Carp
Koi are ornamental varieties of the common carp. Their natural distribution includes temperate portions of Asia and Europe. Ornamental koi carp are happy in warm water, but they can also tolerate cold winters, and this adaptability has led to their popularity among collectors and water garden enthusiasts throughout many parts of the world, including the United States. The actual market for ornamental fish in the U.S. is difficult to determine due to the number of hobbyists who sell their product locally to one another and to pet shops. Other sales are targeted nation-wide via the Internet, trade magazines and specialty newsletters. These are very high-value fish and many “sales” are on a cash basis or involve barters. July 2012 ... Koi or Carp
- Aquaculture, Economic Research Service (ERS), USDA.
- Aquaculture (Domestic Production and International Trade Information), FSAonline, USDA.
- Aquaculture in Hawaii- Hawaii Aquaculture web page, an information source and guide to getting started in aquaculture in Hawaii, presented by the State Aquaculture Development Program, State Department of Agriculture.
- Aquaculture Resources - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), fisheries market news and statistic summaries (aquaculture results by catch), available grants, new marine product food safety guidelines, endangered natural stocks, export guidelines for shipments to the European Union, links and addresses of many National Marine Fisheries Support Offices, and other information. Site includes information on Department of Commerce Aquaculture Policy, the National Aquaculture Act of 1980, recent NOAA Aquaculture Policy and breaking research and legislative news.
- Census of Aquaculture (2005), National Ag Statistics Service, USDA, 2006.
- Commercial Koi Production - Extensive site on koi culture, breeding, importation, pond and tank equipment, etc.
- Aquamedia.org - An Internet information and resource for aquaculture and fisheries. Contains directories, news, statistics and other related information.
- Koi Magazine USA - Primary publication resource of Associated Koi Clubs of America, the koi industry and enthusiasts. Site contains a list of links to equipment suppliers, clubs and private individuals.
- Pond Dynamics/Aquaculture - The Pond Dynamics/Aquaculture Collaborative Research Support Program (PD/A CRSP) represents an international, multi-disciplinary effort to improve human nutrition through pond aquaculture research. The work of the PD/A CRSP benefits both domestic and international aquaculture.
- Spawning Koi - Background on practical spawning methods for koi.
- State of World Aquaculture 2010, FAO, United Nations.
- World Aquaculture Society - International society of aquaculturalists working to improve education and communication within the industry.
Links checked August 2013.